Clearly, the times when alliances were growing significantly are over for all alliances. But Star Alliance, still the largest one, actually lost two of its members – Avianca Brasil and Adria Airways – in 2019 as they went bankrupt. And 2020 could well bring another, much bigger casualty in the form of Air India. The airline is likely to collapse according to reports if its privatisation fails – and there are no signs that any white knight is waiting around the corner. As Star downsizes due to such airline failures, this sets it apart from the other alliances, which see some member movement due to strategic changes. At oneworld, for instance, Royal Air Maroc will be joining in late March – though that will not compensate for the loss of LATAM, leaving the alliance on September 30.